A good working water cooling system is required to keep the Sprinter engine from overheating. And a coolant leak can lead quickly to a failure of this system. To let you know about a dropping coolant level every car has some kind of sensor and warning light on the dash. The Sprinter version unfortunately is not fail safe and if the sensor is bad or a connection is broken the warning light will never come on so you should better check that the coolant level sensor is in working order.
The coolant level sensor in a T1N is located in the coolant reservoir in the engine compartment (see the arrow in the second picture). To remove the sensor, disconnect the wiring and turn the sensor 90 degrees clockwise and lift it out. There’s no need to drain coolant to replace the sensor since the sensor doesn’t come into contact with the coolant itself. Instead the sensor measures a field that is created by a floating magnet inside the coolant bottle.
Now, how would you test the coolant level sensor? You can do it the easy way by:
- Turn the ignition on (no need to start the engine)
- Leave the sensor connected to the wire harness and slowly pulling the sensor out of the bottle while
- someone else is watching the warning light on the dash
The warning light should come on when you’ve removed the sensor about half an inch. It will go out again when you removed the sensor completely (that’s the design flaw of the Mercedes warning system).
Or you could test the complicated way – pictured below:
- Turn the ignition on
- Leave the sensor connected and in place
- start draining coolant from the coolant reservoir
For this test, the warning light should come on when you removed about 3/4 qt (or 0.7 liters) from the coolant system (and it should stay on if you remove more)
- none, only your hands are needed for this job